Abstract: Since long time, algae are used in agriculture as soil amendment for their beneficial effects on plant health and productivity. In fact, algae contain several molecules such as plant growth hormones (cytokinins, auxins, abscisic and gibberellic acid), polysaccharides, betaines and micronutrients. The research on algae, their compounds and their effects on plants have started in the middle 1950s and brought to the formulations of liquid products containing extracts with compounds readily available for plants. The algae extracts, besides having effects on plant growth, have demonstrated to improve plant resistance to both abiotic and biotic stresses. Among biotic stresses, algae showed antifungal activity against different pathogens especially of horticultural plants. From the middle of last century, plant management has always been dependent from the market demand that required growing quantity of ‘perfect’ fruits and vegetables over the year. In this scenario, the chemical industry of fertilizers and pesticides developed new products that have been used for years. In particular, pesticides have represented the base of the management of fungal plant pathogens. During the last decades, the use of both pesticides and chemical fertilizers has represented a serious risk for human health and brought disorder of ecosystem equilibrium. Consequently, algae for their biostimulant and antifungal effects may be considered useful tools to reduce the input of chemicals in integrated pest management strategies. In line with these strategies, the European Regulation EC 1107/2009, concerning the placing of plant protection products on the market and repealing Council Directives 79/117/ EEC and 91/414/EEC, recommends that priority should be given to non-chemical and natural alternatives wherever possible.

Algae and Cyanobacteria as Biocontrol Agents of Fungal Plant Pathogens

Hillary Righini
Writing – Original Draft Preparation
;
Roberta Roberti
Writing – Review & Editing
2019

Abstract

Abstract: Since long time, algae are used in agriculture as soil amendment for their beneficial effects on plant health and productivity. In fact, algae contain several molecules such as plant growth hormones (cytokinins, auxins, abscisic and gibberellic acid), polysaccharides, betaines and micronutrients. The research on algae, their compounds and their effects on plants have started in the middle 1950s and brought to the formulations of liquid products containing extracts with compounds readily available for plants. The algae extracts, besides having effects on plant growth, have demonstrated to improve plant resistance to both abiotic and biotic stresses. Among biotic stresses, algae showed antifungal activity against different pathogens especially of horticultural plants. From the middle of last century, plant management has always been dependent from the market demand that required growing quantity of ‘perfect’ fruits and vegetables over the year. In this scenario, the chemical industry of fertilizers and pesticides developed new products that have been used for years. In particular, pesticides have represented the base of the management of fungal plant pathogens. During the last decades, the use of both pesticides and chemical fertilizers has represented a serious risk for human health and brought disorder of ecosystem equilibrium. Consequently, algae for their biostimulant and antifungal effects may be considered useful tools to reduce the input of chemicals in integrated pest management strategies. In line with these strategies, the European Regulation EC 1107/2009, concerning the placing of plant protection products on the market and repealing Council Directives 79/117/ EEC and 91/414/EEC, recommends that priority should be given to non-chemical and natural alternatives wherever possible.
Plant Microbe Interface
219
238
Hillary Righini; Roberta Roberti
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: http://hdl.handle.net/11585/701722
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