Background: Detection of residual leukemic cells by measuring BCR-ABL1 transcript level with assays based on quantitative polymerase chain reaction (qPCR) is necessary in the monitoring of minimal residual disease in patients with BCR-ABL1 positive ALL. Aim: To investigate the efficacy of a high sensitive method based on nanofluidic platform (Fluidigm Corporation, South San Francisco, CA) to detect and quantify residual and rare BCR-ABL1 copies, we compared results obtained by conventional qPCR with those obtained by the nanofluidic approach. Patients and methods: We analyzed 60 BCR-ABL1 positive ALL samples expressing p190 (42) or p210 (18) isoform, first by TaqMan absolute qPCR (Applied Biosystems 7900HT Fast Real-Time PCR System). BCR-ABL1 target gene and ABL1 control gene copies were derived by the interpolation of cycle threshold values to the appropriate standard curve obtained using serial plasmid dilutions containing known BCR-ABL1 or ABL1 gene copies. Results: Samples resulted in complete (22) or major (38) molecular response (BCR-ABL1/ABL1 ratio ≪ 0.001 or < 0.1, respectively; 3,8 BCR-ABL1 mean copy number copies). Subsequently we reanalyzed the samples using the 12.765 Digital array (Fluidigm) and the integrated BioMark Digital PCR Analysis software (Fluidigm). The nanofluidic biochip consists in twelve panels, each containing 765 individual reaction chambers where samples are portioned prior to qPCR. As fluorescent signal is produced only in chambers containing copies of the target sequence, digital array provides an absolute quantification by counting the number of positive reactions. Sensitivity and reproducibility of the assay were assessed using six serial dilutions of plasmids (Ipsogen) expressing known BCR-ABL1 p190 transcript copy number (10000; 1000; 100; 50; 10; 1 copies). A 2 µl volume of input cDNA was loaded and two panel for each dilution were used. Results showed a detection rate until a copy of target sequence and a pairing significantly effective between replicates. We then analyzed duplicates of BCR-ABL1 ALL samples: digital array resulted positive in 21 of major molecular response samples (2,13 BCR-ABL1 mean copy number copies) and in any complete molecular response samples. In conclusion, the Fluidigm nanofluidic platform provides a high sensitive assay, able to detect until a single copy of BCR-ABL1 transcript, and it could provide an accurate monitoring method for BCR-ABL1-positive ALL CR patients. Supported by European LeukemiaNet, AIL, AIRC, FIRB 2006, PRIN 2008, Ateneo RFO grants, Project of integreted program (PIO), Programma di Ricerca Regione – Università 2007 – 2009.

BCR-ABL1 transcript detection in patients with Philadelphia-positive Acute Lymphoblastic Leukemia (ALL) using a new and high sensitive nanofluidic method

LONETTI, ANNALISA;Iacobucci, Ilaria;Ferrari, Anna;Papayannidis, Cristina;Abbenante, Mariachiara;GUADAGNUOLO, VIVIANA;Paolini, Stefania;Pane, Fabrizio;Baccarani, Michele;Martinelli, Giovanni
2011

Abstract

Background: Detection of residual leukemic cells by measuring BCR-ABL1 transcript level with assays based on quantitative polymerase chain reaction (qPCR) is necessary in the monitoring of minimal residual disease in patients with BCR-ABL1 positive ALL. Aim: To investigate the efficacy of a high sensitive method based on nanofluidic platform (Fluidigm Corporation, South San Francisco, CA) to detect and quantify residual and rare BCR-ABL1 copies, we compared results obtained by conventional qPCR with those obtained by the nanofluidic approach. Patients and methods: We analyzed 60 BCR-ABL1 positive ALL samples expressing p190 (42) or p210 (18) isoform, first by TaqMan absolute qPCR (Applied Biosystems 7900HT Fast Real-Time PCR System). BCR-ABL1 target gene and ABL1 control gene copies were derived by the interpolation of cycle threshold values to the appropriate standard curve obtained using serial plasmid dilutions containing known BCR-ABL1 or ABL1 gene copies. Results: Samples resulted in complete (22) or major (38) molecular response (BCR-ABL1/ABL1 ratio ≪ 0.001 or < 0.1, respectively; 3,8 BCR-ABL1 mean copy number copies). Subsequently we reanalyzed the samples using the 12.765 Digital array (Fluidigm) and the integrated BioMark Digital PCR Analysis software (Fluidigm). The nanofluidic biochip consists in twelve panels, each containing 765 individual reaction chambers where samples are portioned prior to qPCR. As fluorescent signal is produced only in chambers containing copies of the target sequence, digital array provides an absolute quantification by counting the number of positive reactions. Sensitivity and reproducibility of the assay were assessed using six serial dilutions of plasmids (Ipsogen) expressing known BCR-ABL1 p190 transcript copy number (10000; 1000; 100; 50; 10; 1 copies). A 2 µl volume of input cDNA was loaded and two panel for each dilution were used. Results showed a detection rate until a copy of target sequence and a pairing significantly effective between replicates. We then analyzed duplicates of BCR-ABL1 ALL samples: digital array resulted positive in 21 of major molecular response samples (2,13 BCR-ABL1 mean copy number copies) and in any complete molecular response samples. In conclusion, the Fluidigm nanofluidic platform provides a high sensitive assay, able to detect until a single copy of BCR-ABL1 transcript, and it could provide an accurate monitoring method for BCR-ABL1-positive ALL CR patients. Supported by European LeukemiaNet, AIL, AIRC, FIRB 2006, PRIN 2008, Ateneo RFO grants, Project of integreted program (PIO), Programma di Ricerca Regione – Università 2007 – 2009.
Proceedings: AACR 102nd Annual Meeting 2011
310
310
Lonetti, Annalisa; Iacobucci, Ilaria; Ferrari, Anna; Papayannidis, Cristina; Abbenante, Mariachiara; Guadagnuolo, Viviana; Paolini, Stefania; Pane, Fabrizio; Baccarani, Michele; Martinelli, Giovanni
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: http://hdl.handle.net/11585/604974
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