Genomic scans for positive selection or population differentiation are often used in evolutionary genetics to shortlist genetic loci with potentially adaptive biological functions. However, the vast majority of such tests relies on empirical ranking methods, which suffer from high false positive rates. In this work we computed a modified genetic distance on a 10,000 bp sliding window between sets of three samples each from CHB, CEU and YRI samples from the 1000 Genomes Project. We applied SOLVINGSET, a distance-based outlier detection method capable of mining hundreds of thousands of multivariate entries in a computationally efficient manner, to the average pairwise distances obtained from each window for each CHB-CEU, CHB-YRI and CEU-YRI to compute the top-n genic windows exhibiting the highest scores for the three distances. The outliers detected by this approach were screened for their biological significance, showing good overlap with previously known targets of differentiation and positive selection in human populations.

First Application of a Distance-Based Outlier Approach to Detect Highly Differentiated Genomic Regions Across Human Populations

LODI, STEFANO;BASTA, STEFANO;LUISELLI, DONATA;PAGANI, LUCA;SARTORI, CLAUDIO
2015

Abstract

Genomic scans for positive selection or population differentiation are often used in evolutionary genetics to shortlist genetic loci with potentially adaptive biological functions. However, the vast majority of such tests relies on empirical ranking methods, which suffer from high false positive rates. In this work we computed a modified genetic distance on a 10,000 bp sliding window between sets of three samples each from CHB, CEU and YRI samples from the 1000 Genomes Project. We applied SOLVINGSET, a distance-based outlier detection method capable of mining hundreds of thousands of multivariate entries in a computationally efficient manner, to the average pairwise distances obtained from each window for each CHB-CEU, CHB-YRI and CEU-YRI to compute the top-n genic windows exhibiting the highest scores for the three distances. The outliers detected by this approach were screened for their biological significance, showing good overlap with previously known targets of differentiation and positive selection in human populations.
Mathematical Models in Biology - Bringing Mathematics to Life
133
144
Lodi, Stefano; Angiulli, Fabrizio; Basta, Stefano; Luiselli, Donata; Pagani, Luca; Sartori, Claudio
File in questo prodotto:
Eventuali allegati, non sono esposti

I documenti in IRIS sono protetti da copyright e tutti i diritti sono riservati, salvo diversa indicazione.

Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11585/555444
 Attenzione

Attenzione! I dati visualizzati non sono stati sottoposti a validazione da parte dell'ateneo

Citazioni
  • ???jsp.display-item.citation.pmc??? ND
  • Scopus ND
  • ???jsp.display-item.citation.isi??? ND
social impact