Technically, the term “peer to peer” (P2P) refers to the architecture of a network in which each node is not hierarchically connoted as simply a client or a server, but categorized according to its capabilities of hosting or receiving data. The fact that any node can be a peer means that it is both a client and a server at the same time. The only distinction is in the terminal nodes defined as host, which is essentially an exception or a new paradigm in the logic architecture of a network. These systems have become quite popular, beginning in 1999 with Napster, a software that allowed the exchange and downloading of music (especially of .mp3) without paying royalties. Napster struggled with music's major labels and copyright laws, which led to the evolution of a P2P-based system for illegally sharing and downloading digital content such as audio/video and software.

Peer-to-Peer File Sharing

Piergiorgio Degli Esposti
2015

Abstract

Technically, the term “peer to peer” (P2P) refers to the architecture of a network in which each node is not hierarchically connoted as simply a client or a server, but categorized according to its capabilities of hosting or receiving data. The fact that any node can be a peer means that it is both a client and a server at the same time. The only distinction is in the terminal nodes defined as host, which is essentially an exception or a new paradigm in the logic architecture of a network. These systems have become quite popular, beginning in 1999 with Napster, a software that allowed the exchange and downloading of music (especially of .mp3) without paying royalties. Napster struggled with music's major labels and copyright laws, which led to the evolution of a P2P-based system for illegally sharing and downloading digital content such as audio/video and software.
The Wiley Blackwell Encyclopedia of Consumption and Consumer Studies
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Piergiorgio Degli Esposti
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: http://hdl.handle.net/11585/493367
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