The effects of solid organic wastes from a marine fish farm on sediments were tested using biomarkers in native clam (Scrobicularia plana) as biochemical indicators and macrobenthic community as ecological indicators. The clams and macrobenthic samples were collected in the intertidal sediment in October 2010 from five sites of the Rio San Pedro creek, following a gradient of contamination from the aquaculture effluent to the control site. Phase I and Phase II detoxification enzymatic activities (ethoxyresorufin O-deethylase (EROD), glutathione S-transferase (GST)), antioxidant enzymatic activities (glutathione peroxidase (GPX), glutathione reductase (GR)) and oxidative stress parameters (Lipid Peroxidation (LPO) and DNA strand breaks) were measured in clams’ digestive gland tissues. Numbers of species, abundance, richness and Shannon diversity indexes were the biodiversity indicators measured in macrofauna. In parallel, redox potential, pH and organic matter in sediment, and dissolved oxygen in the interstitial water were measured in situ. Significant (p < 0.05) increases of GPX enzymatic activity, DNA damage and LPO, together with significant (p < 0.05) decrease of biodiversity indicators were observed in the areas close to the aquaculture effluent. Biomarkers (DNA, LPO and GPX) were significantly (p < 0.01) negative correlated with pH, redox potential and dissolved oxygen and positively correlated with organic matter. On the contrary, macrobenthic biodiversity were significantly (p < 0.01) positively correlated with pH, redox potential and dissolved oxygen and negatively correlated with organic matter. It has been demonstrated that effluents from fish aquaculture activities in Río San Pedro creek may induce oxidative stress in soft-sediment species which may lead to alteration of the biodiversity and health status of the exposed organisms.

Biomarkers responses of the native clam Scrobicularia plana and changes of macrobenthic functional composition in a shallow tidal creek affected by fish aquaculture effluents / G.V. Aguirre-Martínez; C. Silva; M. Mattioli; E. Fabbri; A.T. del Valls; M.L. Martín-Díaz. - ELETTRONICO. - (2012), pp. 362-362. (Intervento presentato al convegno SETAC 6th World Congress/SETAC Europe 22nd Annual Meeting tenutosi a Berlino nel 20-24 maggio 2012).

Biomarkers responses of the native clam Scrobicularia plana and changes of macrobenthic functional composition in a shallow tidal creek affected by fish aquaculture effluents

FABBRI, ELENA;
2012

Abstract

The effects of solid organic wastes from a marine fish farm on sediments were tested using biomarkers in native clam (Scrobicularia plana) as biochemical indicators and macrobenthic community as ecological indicators. The clams and macrobenthic samples were collected in the intertidal sediment in October 2010 from five sites of the Rio San Pedro creek, following a gradient of contamination from the aquaculture effluent to the control site. Phase I and Phase II detoxification enzymatic activities (ethoxyresorufin O-deethylase (EROD), glutathione S-transferase (GST)), antioxidant enzymatic activities (glutathione peroxidase (GPX), glutathione reductase (GR)) and oxidative stress parameters (Lipid Peroxidation (LPO) and DNA strand breaks) were measured in clams’ digestive gland tissues. Numbers of species, abundance, richness and Shannon diversity indexes were the biodiversity indicators measured in macrofauna. In parallel, redox potential, pH and organic matter in sediment, and dissolved oxygen in the interstitial water were measured in situ. Significant (p < 0.05) increases of GPX enzymatic activity, DNA damage and LPO, together with significant (p < 0.05) decrease of biodiversity indicators were observed in the areas close to the aquaculture effluent. Biomarkers (DNA, LPO and GPX) were significantly (p < 0.01) negative correlated with pH, redox potential and dissolved oxygen and positively correlated with organic matter. On the contrary, macrobenthic biodiversity were significantly (p < 0.01) positively correlated with pH, redox potential and dissolved oxygen and negatively correlated with organic matter. It has been demonstrated that effluents from fish aquaculture activities in Río San Pedro creek may induce oxidative stress in soft-sediment species which may lead to alteration of the biodiversity and health status of the exposed organisms.
2012
SETAC 6th World Congress/SETAC Europe 22nd Annual Meeting
362
362
Biomarkers responses of the native clam Scrobicularia plana and changes of macrobenthic functional composition in a shallow tidal creek affected by fish aquaculture effluents / G.V. Aguirre-Martínez; C. Silva; M. Mattioli; E. Fabbri; A.T. del Valls; M.L. Martín-Díaz. - ELETTRONICO. - (2012), pp. 362-362. (Intervento presentato al convegno SETAC 6th World Congress/SETAC Europe 22nd Annual Meeting tenutosi a Berlino nel 20-24 maggio 2012).
G.V. Aguirre-Martínez; C. Silva; M. Mattioli; E. Fabbri; A.T. del Valls; M.L. Martín-Díaz
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11585/396075
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