REGULATION OF TASTE SIGNALING MOLECULES BY HIGH PROTEIN DIET IN THE PIG PYLORUS Vallorani C.*[1], Latorre R.[1], Mazzoni M.[1], Bacci M.L.[1], Monica F.[1], Giancola F.[1], Falconi M.[2], De Giorgio R.[3], Sternini C.[4], Clavenzani P.[1] [1]Department of Veterinary Medical Science, University of Bologna. ~ Bologna, [2]Department of Biomedical and Neuromotorial Sciences, University of Bologna ~ Bologna, [3]Department of Medical and Surgical Sciences, University of Bologna ~ Bologna, [4]CURE/DDRC, Division of Digestive Diseases, Department of Medicine, UCLA, Los Angeles, CA, USA ~ Los Angeles Taste receptors (TRs) and their signaling molecules are widely expressed in extra‐oral sites, including the gastrointestinal (GI) tract mucosa(1). Fasting and refeeding have been shown to modify the expression of α‐ transducin / α‐gustducin in enteroendocrine cells of the pig GI tract(2), however, the effects of individual nutrients on TR‐related molecules remain unknown. The gustatory system is fundamental for detecting dietary nutrients and evoking appropriate functional responses leading to digestion and absorption. Thus, the aim of this study was to test whether a short‐ and long‐term high protein diet (3 and 30 days, respectively) affected the enteroendocrine profile of the TRs signalling molecules α‐transducin / α‐ gustducin expressing cells in the pig gastric mucosa. Twelve hybrid (LW x D) female pigs (weighing 30‐40 Kg) were subdivided in three experimental groups (n= 4 each group): A) fed standard diet (controls, CTR, 14,5% protein); B) fed high protein diet for 3 days (HP‐3, 33% protein); and C) fed high protein diet for 30 days (HP‐30, 33% protein). The protein used to supplement the diet was fish and potatoes protein. Mucosal samples from pylorus were harvested, fixed and processed for single and double labelling immunofluorescence with a mixture of the following primary antisera to Gα‐transducin (Gαtran), Gα‐gustducin (Gαgust) and 5‐hydroxytryptamine (5‐HT). In the pyloric mucosa, the average number of Gαtran immunoreactive (‐IR) cells were 111.5 ± 26.2 (CTR), 148.8 ± 13.2 (HP3), and 218.3 ± 28.8 (HP30) (CTR vs HP‐3 P< 0.04; CTR vs HP‐30 P< 0.002; HP‐3 vs HP‐30 P< 0.005), while Gαgust‐IR cells were 138.8 ± 45.1 8 (CTR), 177.3 ± 14 (HP3), 211.5 ± 29.1 (HP30) (CTR vs HP‐30 P <0.004, HP‐3 vs HP30 P <0.001). The average number of Gαtran/5‐HT‐IR cells was 107.8 ± 28.6 (CTR), 141.3 ± 14.2 (HP3) and 207.5 ± 22.8 (HP‐30) (CTR vs HP‐3 P < 0.002, HP‐3 vs HP‐30 P < 0.003), while the Gαgust/5‐HT‐IR cells were 127.3 ± 44.3 (CTR), 161 ± 13 (HP3) and 203.3 ± 24.8 (HP‐30) (CTR vs HP‐3 P <0.002, HP‐3 vs HP30 P <0.003). High protein diet regulates the expression of Gαtran / Gαgust in the 5‐HT containing enteroendocrine cells in the mucosa of the pig pylorus, supporting a functional role of taste related molecules in chemosensing in he GI tract

Regulation of taste signaling molecules by high protein diet in the pig pylorus / Vallorani C; Latorre R; Mazzoni M; Bacci ML; Forni M; Giancola F; Falconi M; De Giorgio R; Sternini C; Clavenzani P.. - ELETTRONICO. - LXVII:(2013), pp. --.125---.125. (Intervento presentato al convegno LXVII Congegno Nazionale SISVET tenutosi a Brescia nel 17-19 settembre 2013).

Regulation of taste signaling molecules by high protein diet in the pig pylorus

VALLORANI, CLAUDIA;LATORRE, ROCCO;MAZZONI, MAURIZIO;BACCI, MARIA LAURA;FORNI, MONICA;GIANCOLA, FIORELLA;FALCONI, MIRELLA;DE GIORGIO, ROBERTO;CLAVENZANI, PAOLO
2013

Abstract

REGULATION OF TASTE SIGNALING MOLECULES BY HIGH PROTEIN DIET IN THE PIG PYLORUS Vallorani C.*[1], Latorre R.[1], Mazzoni M.[1], Bacci M.L.[1], Monica F.[1], Giancola F.[1], Falconi M.[2], De Giorgio R.[3], Sternini C.[4], Clavenzani P.[1] [1]Department of Veterinary Medical Science, University of Bologna. ~ Bologna, [2]Department of Biomedical and Neuromotorial Sciences, University of Bologna ~ Bologna, [3]Department of Medical and Surgical Sciences, University of Bologna ~ Bologna, [4]CURE/DDRC, Division of Digestive Diseases, Department of Medicine, UCLA, Los Angeles, CA, USA ~ Los Angeles Taste receptors (TRs) and their signaling molecules are widely expressed in extra‐oral sites, including the gastrointestinal (GI) tract mucosa(1). Fasting and refeeding have been shown to modify the expression of α‐ transducin / α‐gustducin in enteroendocrine cells of the pig GI tract(2), however, the effects of individual nutrients on TR‐related molecules remain unknown. The gustatory system is fundamental for detecting dietary nutrients and evoking appropriate functional responses leading to digestion and absorption. Thus, the aim of this study was to test whether a short‐ and long‐term high protein diet (3 and 30 days, respectively) affected the enteroendocrine profile of the TRs signalling molecules α‐transducin / α‐ gustducin expressing cells in the pig gastric mucosa. Twelve hybrid (LW x D) female pigs (weighing 30‐40 Kg) were subdivided in three experimental groups (n= 4 each group): A) fed standard diet (controls, CTR, 14,5% protein); B) fed high protein diet for 3 days (HP‐3, 33% protein); and C) fed high protein diet for 30 days (HP‐30, 33% protein). The protein used to supplement the diet was fish and potatoes protein. Mucosal samples from pylorus were harvested, fixed and processed for single and double labelling immunofluorescence with a mixture of the following primary antisera to Gα‐transducin (Gαtran), Gα‐gustducin (Gαgust) and 5‐hydroxytryptamine (5‐HT). In the pyloric mucosa, the average number of Gαtran immunoreactive (‐IR) cells were 111.5 ± 26.2 (CTR), 148.8 ± 13.2 (HP3), and 218.3 ± 28.8 (HP30) (CTR vs HP‐3 P< 0.04; CTR vs HP‐30 P< 0.002; HP‐3 vs HP‐30 P< 0.005), while Gαgust‐IR cells were 138.8 ± 45.1 8 (CTR), 177.3 ± 14 (HP3), 211.5 ± 29.1 (HP30) (CTR vs HP‐30 P <0.004, HP‐3 vs HP30 P <0.001). The average number of Gαtran/5‐HT‐IR cells was 107.8 ± 28.6 (CTR), 141.3 ± 14.2 (HP3) and 207.5 ± 22.8 (HP‐30) (CTR vs HP‐3 P < 0.002, HP‐3 vs HP‐30 P < 0.003), while the Gαgust/5‐HT‐IR cells were 127.3 ± 44.3 (CTR), 161 ± 13 (HP3) and 203.3 ± 24.8 (HP‐30) (CTR vs HP‐3 P <0.002, HP‐3 vs HP30 P <0.003). High protein diet regulates the expression of Gαtran / Gαgust in the 5‐HT containing enteroendocrine cells in the mucosa of the pig pylorus, supporting a functional role of taste related molecules in chemosensing in he GI tract
2013
Atti LXVII Convegno SISVET
125
125
Regulation of taste signaling molecules by high protein diet in the pig pylorus / Vallorani C; Latorre R; Mazzoni M; Bacci ML; Forni M; Giancola F; Falconi M; De Giorgio R; Sternini C; Clavenzani P.. - ELETTRONICO. - LXVII:(2013), pp. --.125---.125. (Intervento presentato al convegno LXVII Congegno Nazionale SISVET tenutosi a Brescia nel 17-19 settembre 2013).
Vallorani C; Latorre R; Mazzoni M; Bacci ML; Forni M; Giancola F; Falconi M; De Giorgio R; Sternini C; Clavenzani P.
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11585/190937
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