Human smiling has many meanings and functions. In this paper we describe the main components of smiles which are supposed to represent positive emotions or attitudes. The studies of the French anatomist Duchenne, and the descriptions of Ekman and Friesen are presented here together with a series of studies we have made over many years. Emotional and social aspects of human smiling are discussed not necessarily in terms of opposition but in a new light which takes into consideration part of smiling expression within the realm of aesthetic emotions. According to our point of view body arousal and communicative needs which are often behind smile expressions can belong to aesthetic experience; this experience, on the other hand, can be predictive of social behaviours and rules as well as individual differences according to different cultural contexts.

Smiling and Positive Emotions

CATERINA, ROBERTO;GAROTTI, PIER LUIGI;RICCI BITTI, PIO ENRICO
2012

Abstract

Human smiling has many meanings and functions. In this paper we describe the main components of smiles which are supposed to represent positive emotions or attitudes. The studies of the French anatomist Duchenne, and the descriptions of Ekman and Friesen are presented here together with a series of studies we have made over many years. Emotional and social aspects of human smiling are discussed not necessarily in terms of opposition but in a new light which takes into consideration part of smiling expression within the realm of aesthetic emotions. According to our point of view body arousal and communicative needs which are often behind smile expressions can belong to aesthetic experience; this experience, on the other hand, can be predictive of social behaviours and rules as well as individual differences according to different cultural contexts.
Laughing in Chinese
407
420
R. Caterina; P.L. Garotti; P.E. Ricci Bitti
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11585/123471
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