In this paper we suggest a neighborhood perspective as a possible way to “react” to some suburban trends which characterize the city today. We start mentioning some of these trends and focusing on their social and environmental impact. Our aim is ecologically posing the centrality of socio-spatial organization in the city; such organization, indeed, is fundamental to think to more sustainable forms as a countertrend to urban sprawl. On a side, we consider the works of Barry Wellman in order to show that community is more and more disconnected to a particular space or place. On the other side, we consider the contribution of Robert Sampson to stress the centrality of the concept of neighborhood, which has been made free from the “community rhetoric” of strong ties in urban studies. Sampson gives a particular importance to collective efficacy, which he suggests as the tool through which a high quality of life can be pursued in urban neighborhoods. So, these studies stress the organizational and ecological aspects instead of the ones connected to strong local ties. In the final part, we suggest that our perspective is also very useful in order to give substance to the idea of a dense city as a mosaic/network of neighborhoods, a city where social mixitè is a binding element.

From Urban Sprawl to Sustainable Cities: a Neighborhood Perspective in Urban Studies

CASTRIGNANO', MARCO;MANELLA, GABRIELE
2011

Abstract

In this paper we suggest a neighborhood perspective as a possible way to “react” to some suburban trends which characterize the city today. We start mentioning some of these trends and focusing on their social and environmental impact. Our aim is ecologically posing the centrality of socio-spatial organization in the city; such organization, indeed, is fundamental to think to more sustainable forms as a countertrend to urban sprawl. On a side, we consider the works of Barry Wellman in order to show that community is more and more disconnected to a particular space or place. On the other side, we consider the contribution of Robert Sampson to stress the centrality of the concept of neighborhood, which has been made free from the “community rhetoric” of strong ties in urban studies. Sampson gives a particular importance to collective efficacy, which he suggests as the tool through which a high quality of life can be pursued in urban neighborhoods. So, these studies stress the organizational and ecological aspects instead of the ones connected to strong local ties. In the final part, we suggest that our perspective is also very useful in order to give substance to the idea of a dense city as a mosaic/network of neighborhoods, a city where social mixitè is a binding element.
Everyday Life in the Segmented City
27
41
M. Castrignanò; G. Manella
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11585/108507
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