Background: Cardiac magnetic resonance (CMR) plays a pivotal diagnostic role in myocardial infarction with nonobstructive coronary arteries (MINOCA). To date, a prognostic stratification of these patients is still lacking. Objectives: This study aims to assess the prognostic role of CMR in MINOCA. Methods: The authors assessed 437 MINOCA from January 2017 to October 2021. They excluded acute myocarditis, takotsubo syndromes, cardiomyopathies, and other nonischemic etiologies. Patients were classified into 3 subgroups according to the CMR phenotype: 1) presence of late gadolinium enhancement (LGE) and abnormal mapping (M) values (LGE+/M+); 2) regional ischemic injury with abnormal mapping and no LGE (LGE-/M+); and 3) nonpathological CMRs (LGE-/M-). The primary outcome was the presence of major adverse cardiovascular events (MACE). The mean follow-up was 33.7 ± 12.0 months and CMR was performed on average at 4.8 ± 1.5 days from the acute presentation. Results: The final cohort included 198 MINOCA; 116 (58.6%) comprised the LGE+/M+ group. During follow-up, MACE occurred significantly more frequently in MINOCA LGE+/M+ than in the LGE+/M- and normal-CMR (LGE-/M-) subgroups (20.7% vs 6.7% and 2.7%; P = 0.006). The extension of myocardial damage at CMR was significantly greater in patients who developed MACE. In multivariable Cox regression, %LGE was an independent predictor of MACE (HR: 1.123 [95% CI: 1.064-1.185]; P < 0.001) together with T2 mapping values (HR: 1.190 [95% CI: 1.145-1.237]; P = 0.001). Conclusions: In MINOCA with early CMR execution, the %LGE and abnormal T2 mapping values were identified as independent predictors of adverse cardiac events at ∼3.0 years of follow-up. These parameters can be considered as high-risk markers in MINOCA.

Bergamaschi L., Foà Alberto., Paolisso P., Renzulli M., Angeli francesco., Fabrizio Michele, et al. (2024). Prognostic Role of Early Cardiac Magnetic Resonance in Myocardial Infarction With Nonobstructive Coronary Arteries. JACC. CARDIOVASCULAR IMAGING, 17(2), 149-161 [10.1016/j.jcmg.2023.05.016].

Prognostic Role of Early Cardiac Magnetic Resonance in Myocardial Infarction With Nonobstructive Coronary Arteries

Bergamaschi L.;Paolisso P.;Renzulli M.;Angeli francesco.;Fabrizio Michele;Bartoli Lorenzo;Armillotta Matteo;Sansonetti A.;Amicone S.;Stefanizzi A.;Rinaldi Andrea;Pasquale Ferdinando;Galiè N.;Rucci P.;Pizzi Carmine.
2024

Abstract

Background: Cardiac magnetic resonance (CMR) plays a pivotal diagnostic role in myocardial infarction with nonobstructive coronary arteries (MINOCA). To date, a prognostic stratification of these patients is still lacking. Objectives: This study aims to assess the prognostic role of CMR in MINOCA. Methods: The authors assessed 437 MINOCA from January 2017 to October 2021. They excluded acute myocarditis, takotsubo syndromes, cardiomyopathies, and other nonischemic etiologies. Patients were classified into 3 subgroups according to the CMR phenotype: 1) presence of late gadolinium enhancement (LGE) and abnormal mapping (M) values (LGE+/M+); 2) regional ischemic injury with abnormal mapping and no LGE (LGE-/M+); and 3) nonpathological CMRs (LGE-/M-). The primary outcome was the presence of major adverse cardiovascular events (MACE). The mean follow-up was 33.7 ± 12.0 months and CMR was performed on average at 4.8 ± 1.5 days from the acute presentation. Results: The final cohort included 198 MINOCA; 116 (58.6%) comprised the LGE+/M+ group. During follow-up, MACE occurred significantly more frequently in MINOCA LGE+/M+ than in the LGE+/M- and normal-CMR (LGE-/M-) subgroups (20.7% vs 6.7% and 2.7%; P = 0.006). The extension of myocardial damage at CMR was significantly greater in patients who developed MACE. In multivariable Cox regression, %LGE was an independent predictor of MACE (HR: 1.123 [95% CI: 1.064-1.185]; P < 0.001) together with T2 mapping values (HR: 1.190 [95% CI: 1.145-1.237]; P = 0.001). Conclusions: In MINOCA with early CMR execution, the %LGE and abnormal T2 mapping values were identified as independent predictors of adverse cardiac events at ∼3.0 years of follow-up. These parameters can be considered as high-risk markers in MINOCA.
2024
Bergamaschi L., Foà Alberto., Paolisso P., Renzulli M., Angeli francesco., Fabrizio Michele, et al. (2024). Prognostic Role of Early Cardiac Magnetic Resonance in Myocardial Infarction With Nonobstructive Coronary Arteries. JACC. CARDIOVASCULAR IMAGING, 17(2), 149-161 [10.1016/j.jcmg.2023.05.016].
Bergamaschi L.; Foà Alberto.; Paolisso P.; Renzulli M.; Angeli francesco.; Fabrizio Michele; Bartoli Lorenzo; Armillotta Matteo; Sansonetti A.; Amicon...espandi
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11585/955786
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