Background: A number of mutations related to malignant melanoma (MM) have been identified, and of the mutated genes, BRAF has been found to be altered in > 50% of cases. Most of these have been BRAF V600E mutations, whereas the incidence of BRAF V600K may vary from 10% to 30%. Little is known about the clinical prognostic correlations of BRAF V600K MMs. We evaluated the clinical and dermoscopic features, incidence, therapy response and outcomes in the medium to long term. Aim: To compare the clinical and dermoscopic characteristics, the response to systemic therapies and the prognosis among MMs with BRAF V600E and BRAF V600K mutations. Methods: We retrieved the data of patients tested in our centre for MM from 2012 to 2015, including clinical features, dermoscopic pictures, clinical history and tumour mutations. Only patients with BRAF V600E and BRAF V600K mutations were included. Any MMs positive for BRAF V600K mutation were collected, and the number of V600K cases and their features were used to extract the same number of patients with BRAF V600E from our database using a matching method. The clinical and dermoscopic presentation, therapy response and disease progression of the two groups were then evaluated. Results: In total, 132 cases of BRAF V600E-mutated MMs were identified, and then randomized with a propensity-score method to match the 10 retrieved cases of BRAF V600K mutation. Both groups had a nodular appearance to the tumours and an advanced disease stage, and no significant differences in dermoscopic features were highlighted. During the follow-up period, four patients with BRAF V600K died of disease-specific causes. Moreover, we found a higher frequency of metastasis, a faster disease progression and more rapid mortality in patients with BRAF V600K. Conclusion: Despite the small size of this study, the results show similar clinical and dermoscopic characteristics between V600E and V600K mutations, but compared with BRAF V600E MMs, BRAF V600K MMs seem to be less responsive to therapy and have a worse prognosis.

BRAF V600K vs. BRAF V600E: a comparison of clinical and dermoscopic characteristics and response to immunotherapies and targeted therapies

Zengarini C.;Mussi M.;Veronesi G.;Alessandrini A.;Lambertini M.;Dika E.
2022

Abstract

Background: A number of mutations related to malignant melanoma (MM) have been identified, and of the mutated genes, BRAF has been found to be altered in > 50% of cases. Most of these have been BRAF V600E mutations, whereas the incidence of BRAF V600K may vary from 10% to 30%. Little is known about the clinical prognostic correlations of BRAF V600K MMs. We evaluated the clinical and dermoscopic features, incidence, therapy response and outcomes in the medium to long term. Aim: To compare the clinical and dermoscopic characteristics, the response to systemic therapies and the prognosis among MMs with BRAF V600E and BRAF V600K mutations. Methods: We retrieved the data of patients tested in our centre for MM from 2012 to 2015, including clinical features, dermoscopic pictures, clinical history and tumour mutations. Only patients with BRAF V600E and BRAF V600K mutations were included. Any MMs positive for BRAF V600K mutation were collected, and the number of V600K cases and their features were used to extract the same number of patients with BRAF V600E from our database using a matching method. The clinical and dermoscopic presentation, therapy response and disease progression of the two groups were then evaluated. Results: In total, 132 cases of BRAF V600E-mutated MMs were identified, and then randomized with a propensity-score method to match the 10 retrieved cases of BRAF V600K mutation. Both groups had a nodular appearance to the tumours and an advanced disease stage, and no significant differences in dermoscopic features were highlighted. During the follow-up period, four patients with BRAF V600K died of disease-specific causes. Moreover, we found a higher frequency of metastasis, a faster disease progression and more rapid mortality in patients with BRAF V600K. Conclusion: Despite the small size of this study, the results show similar clinical and dermoscopic characteristics between V600E and V600K mutations, but compared with BRAF V600E MMs, BRAF V600K MMs seem to be less responsive to therapy and have a worse prognosis.
CLINICAL AND EXPERIMENTAL DERMATOLOGY
Zengarini C.; Mussi M.; Veronesi G.; Alessandrini A.; Lambertini M.; Dika E.
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: http://hdl.handle.net/11585/885579
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