4-Acetoxy-azetidin-2-one is an extremely useful intermediate widely applied for the synthesis of several biologically active β-lactam compounds. However, it is available as a racemic mixture that could limit its application in the synthesis of enantiopure products. Herein we evaluated the use of lipases in a kinetic resolution (KR) process to finally obtain 4-acetoxy-zetidin-2-one as separated pure enantiomers. From a preliminary screening on a set of commercial enzymes, Pseudomonas fluorescens emerged as the most suitable lipase that allowed to obtain good conversions and excellent enantiomeric excesses. On the enantiomerically pure 4-acetoxy-azetidin-2-ones some nucleophilic substitutions and N-thio-alkylation reactions were tested in order to evaluate the stereochemical integrity at the C-4 position.

Chemoenzymatic enantioselective route to get (+) and (−) 4-acetoxy-azetidin-2-one by lipase-catalysed kinetic resolution and their applications

Martelli G.;Cirillo M.;Giraldi V.;Giacomini D.
2022

Abstract

4-Acetoxy-azetidin-2-one is an extremely useful intermediate widely applied for the synthesis of several biologically active β-lactam compounds. However, it is available as a racemic mixture that could limit its application in the synthesis of enantiopure products. Herein we evaluated the use of lipases in a kinetic resolution (KR) process to finally obtain 4-acetoxy-zetidin-2-one as separated pure enantiomers. From a preliminary screening on a set of commercial enzymes, Pseudomonas fluorescens emerged as the most suitable lipase that allowed to obtain good conversions and excellent enantiomeric excesses. On the enantiomerically pure 4-acetoxy-azetidin-2-ones some nucleophilic substitutions and N-thio-alkylation reactions were tested in order to evaluate the stereochemical integrity at the C-4 position.
BIOORGANIC CHEMISTRY
Martelli G.; Cirillo M.; Giraldi V.; Giacomini D.
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: http://hdl.handle.net/11585/869170
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