We estimate the effects of a chronic disease management program (CDMP) which adapts various supply-side interventions to specific demand-side conditions (disease-staging) for patients with chronic kidney disease (CKD). Using a unique dataset on the entire population of the Emilia–Romagna region of Italy with hospital-diagnosed CKD, we estimate the causal effects of the CDMP on adherence indicators and health outcomes. As CKD is a progressive disease with clearly-defined disease stages and a treatment regimen that can be titrated by disease severity, we calculate dynamic, severity-specific, indicators of adherence as well as several long-term health outcomes. Our empirical work produces statistically significant and sizeable causal effects on many adherence and health outcome indicators across all CKD patients. More interestingly, we show that the CDMP produces larger effects on patients with early-stage CKD, which is at odds with some of the literature on CDMP that advocates intensifying interventions for high-cost (or late-stage) patients. Our results suggest that it may be more efficient to target early-stage patients to slow the deterioration of their health capital. The results contribute to a small, recent literature in health economics that focuses on the marginal effectiveness of CDMPs after controlling either for supply- or demand-side sources of heterogeneity.

Supply-side solutions targeting demand-side characteristics: causal effects of a chronic disease management program on adherence and health outcomes

Connelly L.;Fiorentini G.;Iommi M.
2022

Abstract

We estimate the effects of a chronic disease management program (CDMP) which adapts various supply-side interventions to specific demand-side conditions (disease-staging) for patients with chronic kidney disease (CKD). Using a unique dataset on the entire population of the Emilia–Romagna region of Italy with hospital-diagnosed CKD, we estimate the causal effects of the CDMP on adherence indicators and health outcomes. As CKD is a progressive disease with clearly-defined disease stages and a treatment regimen that can be titrated by disease severity, we calculate dynamic, severity-specific, indicators of adherence as well as several long-term health outcomes. Our empirical work produces statistically significant and sizeable causal effects on many adherence and health outcome indicators across all CKD patients. More interestingly, we show that the CDMP produces larger effects on patients with early-stage CKD, which is at odds with some of the literature on CDMP that advocates intensifying interventions for high-cost (or late-stage) patients. Our results suggest that it may be more efficient to target early-stage patients to slow the deterioration of their health capital. The results contribute to a small, recent literature in health economics that focuses on the marginal effectiveness of CDMPs after controlling either for supply- or demand-side sources of heterogeneity.
THE EUROPEAN JOURNAL OF HEALTH ECONOMICS
Connelly L.; Fiorentini G.; Iommi M.
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: http://hdl.handle.net/11585/865270
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