Purpose: To assess the complications and second surgeries rates at 1 year follow-up in a group of patients underwent minimally invasive fixation with screws or hybrid external fixation (HEF) for tibial plateau fractures (TPF). The hypothesis was that low Schatzker (I–IV) TPF would have shown a lower complication rate with respect to high Schatzker (V–VI) TPF. Methods: 148 patients who underwent minimally invasive surgery with screws or HEF for TPF were included and pooled in two groups: mono-condylar (Schatzker I–IV) and bi-condylar (Schatzker V–VI). The rate of second surgeries and complications, such as stiffness, infection, wound dehiscence and malunion occurred within 1 year, were reported. Results: Statistically significant difference between mono-condylar and bi-condylar groups was found in terms of stiffness (18% vs. 37%, p = 0.01), malunion (4% vs 21%, p = 0.004) and second surgeries (32% vs. 48%, p = 0.049). Associated procedures performed during TPF fixation increased risk of second surgeries (OR 2.1, p < 0.001). No differences in terms of second surgeries and complications were found in bi-condylar group treated with screws and HEF. Conclusion: Bi-condylar TPF treated with minimally invasive surgery developed a significantly higher rates of stiffness, malunion and second surgeries within 1 year compared to mono-condylar fractures. Moreover, when an associated procedure was performed, the risk of a reoperation was nearly doubled. Trial registration number PG 0012506 CE AVEC 620/2018/Oss/IOR.

Post-operative complications of tibial plateau fractures treated with screws or hybrid external fixation

Stefanelli F.;Cucurnia I.;Grassi A.;Pizza N.;Di Paolo S.;Casali M.;Raggi F.;Romagnoli M.;Zaffagnini S.
2021

Abstract

Purpose: To assess the complications and second surgeries rates at 1 year follow-up in a group of patients underwent minimally invasive fixation with screws or hybrid external fixation (HEF) for tibial plateau fractures (TPF). The hypothesis was that low Schatzker (I–IV) TPF would have shown a lower complication rate with respect to high Schatzker (V–VI) TPF. Methods: 148 patients who underwent minimally invasive surgery with screws or HEF for TPF were included and pooled in two groups: mono-condylar (Schatzker I–IV) and bi-condylar (Schatzker V–VI). The rate of second surgeries and complications, such as stiffness, infection, wound dehiscence and malunion occurred within 1 year, were reported. Results: Statistically significant difference between mono-condylar and bi-condylar groups was found in terms of stiffness (18% vs. 37%, p = 0.01), malunion (4% vs 21%, p = 0.004) and second surgeries (32% vs. 48%, p = 0.049). Associated procedures performed during TPF fixation increased risk of second surgeries (OR 2.1, p < 0.001). No differences in terms of second surgeries and complications were found in bi-condylar group treated with screws and HEF. Conclusion: Bi-condylar TPF treated with minimally invasive surgery developed a significantly higher rates of stiffness, malunion and second surgeries within 1 year compared to mono-condylar fractures. Moreover, when an associated procedure was performed, the risk of a reoperation was nearly doubled. Trial registration number PG 0012506 CE AVEC 620/2018/Oss/IOR.
Stefanelli F.; Cucurnia I.; Grassi A.; Pizza N.; Di Paolo S.; Casali M.; Raggi F.; Romagnoli M.; Zaffagnini S.
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: http://hdl.handle.net/11585/858146
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