Purpose: To assess the role of the multiparametric Magnetic Resonance Imaging (mpMRI) in predicting the cribriform pattern in both the peripheral and transition zones (PZ and TZ) clinically significant prostate cancers (csPCas). Material and methods: We retrospectively evaluated 150 patients who underwent radical prostatectomy for csPCa and preoperative mpMRI. Patients with negative (n = 25) and positive (n = 125) mpMRI, stratified according to the presence of prevalent cribriform pattern (PCP, ≥ 50%) and non-PCP (< 50%) at specimen, were included. Difference between the two groups were evaluated. Multivariate logistic regression was used to identify predictors of PCP among mpMRI parameters. The receiver operating characteristic (ROC) analysis was performed to evaluate the area under the curve (AUC) of apparent diffusion coefficient (ADC) and ADC ratio in detecting lesions harboring PCP. Results: Considering 135 positive lesions at the mpMRI, 30 (22.2%) and 105 (77.8%) harbored PCP and non-PCP PCa. The PCP lesions had more frequently nodular morphology (83.3% vs 62.9%; p = 0.04) and significantly lower mean ADC value (0.87 ± 0.16 vs 0.95 ± 0.18; p = 0.03) and ADC ratio (0.52 ± 0.09 vs 0.60 ± 0.14; p = 0.003) when compared with non-PCP lesions. At univariate and multivariate analyses, mean ADC and ADC ratio resulted as independent predictors of the presence of the PCP of the PZ tumors(OR: 0.025; p = 0.03 and OR: 0.001; p = 0.004, respectively). At the ROC analysis, the AUC of mean ADC and ADC ratio to predict the presence of PCP in patients with PZ suspicious lesion at the mpMRI were 0.69 (95% CI 0.56–0.81P, p = 0.003) and 0.72 (95% CI 0.62–0.82P, p = 0.001), respectively. Conclusions: The mpMRI may correctly identify PCP tumors of the PZ and the mean ADC value and ADC ratio can predict the presence of the cribriform pattern in the PCa.

The impact of multiparametric MRI features to identify the presence of prevalent cribriform pattern in the peripheral zone tumors

Bianchi L.;De Cinque A.;Corcioni B.;Giunchi F.;Schiavina R.;Fiorentino M.;Brunocilla E.;Golfieri R.
2021

Abstract

Purpose: To assess the role of the multiparametric Magnetic Resonance Imaging (mpMRI) in predicting the cribriform pattern in both the peripheral and transition zones (PZ and TZ) clinically significant prostate cancers (csPCas). Material and methods: We retrospectively evaluated 150 patients who underwent radical prostatectomy for csPCa and preoperative mpMRI. Patients with negative (n = 25) and positive (n = 125) mpMRI, stratified according to the presence of prevalent cribriform pattern (PCP, ≥ 50%) and non-PCP (< 50%) at specimen, were included. Difference between the two groups were evaluated. Multivariate logistic regression was used to identify predictors of PCP among mpMRI parameters. The receiver operating characteristic (ROC) analysis was performed to evaluate the area under the curve (AUC) of apparent diffusion coefficient (ADC) and ADC ratio in detecting lesions harboring PCP. Results: Considering 135 positive lesions at the mpMRI, 30 (22.2%) and 105 (77.8%) harbored PCP and non-PCP PCa. The PCP lesions had more frequently nodular morphology (83.3% vs 62.9%; p = 0.04) and significantly lower mean ADC value (0.87 ± 0.16 vs 0.95 ± 0.18; p = 0.03) and ADC ratio (0.52 ± 0.09 vs 0.60 ± 0.14; p = 0.003) when compared with non-PCP lesions. At univariate and multivariate analyses, mean ADC and ADC ratio resulted as independent predictors of the presence of the PCP of the PZ tumors(OR: 0.025; p = 0.03 and OR: 0.001; p = 0.004, respectively). At the ROC analysis, the AUC of mean ADC and ADC ratio to predict the presence of PCP in patients with PZ suspicious lesion at the mpMRI were 0.69 (95% CI 0.56–0.81P, p = 0.003) and 0.72 (95% CI 0.62–0.82P, p = 0.001), respectively. Conclusions: The mpMRI may correctly identify PCP tumors of the PZ and the mean ADC value and ADC ratio can predict the presence of the cribriform pattern in the PCa.
LA RADIOLOGIA MEDICA
Gaudiano C.; Bianchi L.; De Cinque A.; Corcioni B.; Giunchi F.; Schiavina R.; Fiorentino M.; Brunocilla E.; Golfieri R.
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: http://hdl.handle.net/11585/847890
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