Background: Non-canonical mutations of the isocitrate dehydrogenase (IDH) genes have been described in about 20–25% and 5–12% of patients with WHO grade II and III gliomas, respec-tively. To date, the prognostic value of these rare mutations is still a topic of debate. Methods: We selected patients with WHO grade II and III gliomas and IDH1 mutations with available tissue samples for next-generation sequencing. The clinical outcomes and baseline behaviors of patients with canonical IDH1 R132H and non-canonical IDH1 mutations were compared. Results: We eval-uated 433 patients harboring IDH1 mutations. Three hundred and ninety patients (90.1%) had a canonical IDH1 R132H mutation while 43 patients (9.9%) had a non-canonical IDH1 mutation. Compared to those with the IDH1 canonical mutation, patients with non-canonical mutations were younger (p < 0.001) and less frequently presented the 1p19q codeletion (p = 0.017). Multivariate analysis confirmed that the extension of surgery (p = 0.003), the presence of the 1p19q codeletion (p = 0.001), and the presence of a non-canonical mutation (p = 0.041) were variables correlated with improved overall survival. Conclusion: the presence of non-canonical IDH1 mutations could be associated with improved survival among patients with IDH1 mutated grade II–III glioma.

Idh1 non-canonical mutations and survival in patients with glioma

Franceschi E.;De Biase D.;Di Nunno V.;Pession A.;Gatto L.;Tallini G.;Lodi R.;
2021

Abstract

Background: Non-canonical mutations of the isocitrate dehydrogenase (IDH) genes have been described in about 20–25% and 5–12% of patients with WHO grade II and III gliomas, respec-tively. To date, the prognostic value of these rare mutations is still a topic of debate. Methods: We selected patients with WHO grade II and III gliomas and IDH1 mutations with available tissue samples for next-generation sequencing. The clinical outcomes and baseline behaviors of patients with canonical IDH1 R132H and non-canonical IDH1 mutations were compared. Results: We eval-uated 433 patients harboring IDH1 mutations. Three hundred and ninety patients (90.1%) had a canonical IDH1 R132H mutation while 43 patients (9.9%) had a non-canonical IDH1 mutation. Compared to those with the IDH1 canonical mutation, patients with non-canonical mutations were younger (p < 0.001) and less frequently presented the 1p19q codeletion (p = 0.017). Multivariate analysis confirmed that the extension of surgery (p = 0.003), the presence of the 1p19q codeletion (p = 0.001), and the presence of a non-canonical mutation (p = 0.041) were variables correlated with improved overall survival. Conclusion: the presence of non-canonical IDH1 mutations could be associated with improved survival among patients with IDH1 mutated grade II–III glioma.
DIAGNOSTICS
Franceschi E.; De Biase D.; Di Nunno V.; Pession A.; Tosoni A.; Gatto L.; Tallini G.; Visani M.; Lodi R.; Bartolini S.; Brandes A.A.
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: http://hdl.handle.net/11585/839895
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