Background: Endoscopic surveillance in patients with Lynch syndrome (LS) is crucial due to a genetically based high risk of colorectal cancer (CRC). We aimed to compare the adenoma detection rate (ADR) between high-resolution white light endoscopy (WLE) alone and WLE plus dye chromoendoscopy (CE) in a cohort of LS patients. Methods: In a context of real-world data, we retrospectively enrolled 50 LS patients who had non-randomly undergone WLE versus CE surveillance examinations from 2007 to 2019. The 2 groups were compared at baseline (BL) in terms of the rate of patients with lesions and the number of lesions, and at follow-up (FU), to evaluate a possible enhanced detection rate. Longitudinal analysis of the effect of the endoscopy type on the main outcomes was performed by generalized linear mixed models. Results: Forty-two patients had undergone at least one diagnostic colonoscopy. At BL and at FU analysis, we found no significant differences in detection rates and clinical-pathological features between WLE and CE groups. At the longitudinal analysis, an increase in the endoscopy rank (i.e., the position of each colonoscopy for all the colonoscopies that a patient had undergone) was associated with an increase in polyp detection rate (p = 0.006) and ADR (p = 0.005), while a trend toward significance (p = 0.069) was found for endoscopy type (CE vs. WLE) in the detection of serrated lesions. Conclusions: CE is not superior to high-resolution WLE in increasing the ADR. Even under standard WLE, an active and careful endoscopic surveillance of LS patients can prevent CRC.

Chromoendoscopy is not superior to white light endoscopy in improving adenoma detection in Lynch Syndrome cohort undergoing surveillance with high-resolution colonoscopy: a real-world evidence study

Montale, Amedeo;Buttitta, Francesco;Pierantoni, Chiara;Ferrari, Clarissa;Colussi, Dora;Miccoli, Sara;Bazzoli, Franco;Turchetti, Daniela;Ricciardiello, Luigi
2021

Abstract

Background: Endoscopic surveillance in patients with Lynch syndrome (LS) is crucial due to a genetically based high risk of colorectal cancer (CRC). We aimed to compare the adenoma detection rate (ADR) between high-resolution white light endoscopy (WLE) alone and WLE plus dye chromoendoscopy (CE) in a cohort of LS patients. Methods: In a context of real-world data, we retrospectively enrolled 50 LS patients who had non-randomly undergone WLE versus CE surveillance examinations from 2007 to 2019. The 2 groups were compared at baseline (BL) in terms of the rate of patients with lesions and the number of lesions, and at follow-up (FU), to evaluate a possible enhanced detection rate. Longitudinal analysis of the effect of the endoscopy type on the main outcomes was performed by generalized linear mixed models. Results: Forty-two patients had undergone at least one diagnostic colonoscopy. At BL and at FU analysis, we found no significant differences in detection rates and clinical-pathological features between WLE and CE groups. At the longitudinal analysis, an increase in the endoscopy rank (i.e., the position of each colonoscopy for all the colonoscopies that a patient had undergone) was associated with an increase in polyp detection rate (p = 0.006) and ADR (p = 0.005), while a trend toward significance (p = 0.069) was found for endoscopy type (CE vs. WLE) in the detection of serrated lesions. Conclusions: CE is not superior to high-resolution WLE in increasing the ADR. Even under standard WLE, an active and careful endoscopic surveillance of LS patients can prevent CRC.
DIGESTIVE DISEASES
Montale, Amedeo; Buttitta, Francesco; Pierantoni, Chiara; Ferrari, Clarissa; Cameletti, Michela; Colussi, Dora; Miccoli, Sara; Bazzoli, Franco; Turchetti, Daniela; Ricciardiello, Luigi
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: http://hdl.handle.net/11585/835539
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