The effect of CO2 on the mechanical properties of three different glassy polymeric materials, polystyrene (PS), polymethylmethacrylate (PMMA) and Matrimid polyimide (PI), has been investigated by dedicated Dynamic Mechanical Analysis (DMA) at 35 degrees C on samples equilibrated at different penetrant pressures (0-30 bar). The experimental campaign has been designed to inspect the mechanical properties associated to the so-called plasticization phenomenon, which has been invoked as responsible for the increase of gas permeability versus feed pressure in glassy polymeric membranes. The main aim of the work is to find if any correlation holds between the effects induced on polymer mechanical properties and on gas permeability by the presence of different amounts of penetrant gas.The DMA analysis revealed that CO2 produces a decrease of polymer storage modulus E' and an enhancement of tan delta factor. Experimental data for both E' and tan delta vary regularly and monotonically with CO2 content in the membrane, with no indication of the onset of other new phenomena at pressures higher than the "plasticization pressure" associated to permeability data. The mechanical properties show very similar behaviors with CO2 content for all polymers analyzed, notwithstanding their CO2 permeability behaviors are different decreasing with upstream pressure for PS, increasing for PMMA and nonmonotonous for Matrimid. The results obtained indicate that there is no direct correlation between gas permeation dependence on CO2 content and the changes in the polymer mechanical properties induced by the same CO2 content.

CO2 plasticization effect on glassy polymeric membranes

Minelli, Matteo;Oradei, Stefano;Fiorini, Maurizio;Sarti, Giulio C.
2019

Abstract

The effect of CO2 on the mechanical properties of three different glassy polymeric materials, polystyrene (PS), polymethylmethacrylate (PMMA) and Matrimid polyimide (PI), has been investigated by dedicated Dynamic Mechanical Analysis (DMA) at 35 degrees C on samples equilibrated at different penetrant pressures (0-30 bar). The experimental campaign has been designed to inspect the mechanical properties associated to the so-called plasticization phenomenon, which has been invoked as responsible for the increase of gas permeability versus feed pressure in glassy polymeric membranes. The main aim of the work is to find if any correlation holds between the effects induced on polymer mechanical properties and on gas permeability by the presence of different amounts of penetrant gas.The DMA analysis revealed that CO2 produces a decrease of polymer storage modulus E' and an enhancement of tan delta factor. Experimental data for both E' and tan delta vary regularly and monotonically with CO2 content in the membrane, with no indication of the onset of other new phenomena at pressures higher than the "plasticization pressure" associated to permeability data. The mechanical properties show very similar behaviors with CO2 content for all polymers analyzed, notwithstanding their CO2 permeability behaviors are different decreasing with upstream pressure for PS, increasing for PMMA and nonmonotonous for Matrimid. The results obtained indicate that there is no direct correlation between gas permeation dependence on CO2 content and the changes in the polymer mechanical properties induced by the same CO2 content.
POLYMER
Minelli, Matteo; Oradei, Stefano; Fiorini, Maurizio; Sarti, Giulio C.
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: http://hdl.handle.net/11585/687556
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