Tissue microarray (TMA) is a time- and cost-saving technique allowing the simultaneous immunohistochemical evaluation of multiple tissue samples. The aim of this study was to assess the efficacy of TMA at classifying canine gastrointestinal spindle cell tumors as gastrointestinal stromal tumor (GIST), smooth muscle tumor (SMT), and non-GIST/non-SMT based on the expression of α-smooth muscle actin (α-SMA), desmin, and CD117. Thirty-four cases were investigated on TMAs, sampling 2 cores each. Immunohistochemistry was performed on TMAs and full sections, and the results were compared. Comparing full sections, TMA specificity and sensitivity were 100% and 93.8%, respectively, for α-SMA; 100% and 80.8% for desmin; and 100% and 100% for CD117. TMA allowed the identification of 6 of 6 GISTs, 25 of 26 SMTs, and 2 of 2 non-GIST/non-SMTs. One SMT was misdiagnosed as non-GIST/non-SMT. Based on these results, TMA-based immunohistochemistry is efficient at diagnosing canine gastrointestinal spindle cell tumors and might be applied on large caseloads in a research setting.

Canine Gastrointestinal Spindle Cell Tumors Efficiently Diagnosed by Tissue Microarray-Based Immunohistochemistry

Pellegrino, Valeria;Muscatello, Luisa V.;Sarli, Giuseppe;Avallone, Giancarlo
2018

Abstract

Tissue microarray (TMA) is a time- and cost-saving technique allowing the simultaneous immunohistochemical evaluation of multiple tissue samples. The aim of this study was to assess the efficacy of TMA at classifying canine gastrointestinal spindle cell tumors as gastrointestinal stromal tumor (GIST), smooth muscle tumor (SMT), and non-GIST/non-SMT based on the expression of α-smooth muscle actin (α-SMA), desmin, and CD117. Thirty-four cases were investigated on TMAs, sampling 2 cores each. Immunohistochemistry was performed on TMAs and full sections, and the results were compared. Comparing full sections, TMA specificity and sensitivity were 100% and 93.8%, respectively, for α-SMA; 100% and 80.8% for desmin; and 100% and 100% for CD117. TMA allowed the identification of 6 of 6 GISTs, 25 of 26 SMTs, and 2 of 2 non-GIST/non-SMTs. One SMT was misdiagnosed as non-GIST/non-SMT. Based on these results, TMA-based immunohistochemistry is efficient at diagnosing canine gastrointestinal spindle cell tumors and might be applied on large caseloads in a research setting.
VETERINARY PATHOLOGY
Pellegrino, Valeria; Muscatello, Luisa V.; Sarli, Giuseppe; Avallone, Giancarlo*
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: http://hdl.handle.net/11585/665963
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