Introduction. Little is known about alterations of cyclin dependent kinase inhibitors p15INK4B, p16INK4A and p14ARF due to single nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) located within the CDKN2A/B genes and/or neighbouring loci. In order to investigate the potential involvement of such common DNA sequence variants in leukemia susceptibility, an association study was performed. Methods. 23 SNPs spanning the MTAP, CDKN2A/Band CDKN2BAS loci, as well as relative intergenic regions were genotyped in a case-control cohort made up of 149 leukemia patients, including Philadelphia positive (Ph+) acute lymphoblastic leukemia (ALL) and acute myeloid leukemia (AML) samples, and 183 healthy controls. 6 SNPs were selected on the basis of their previous association with several diseases, such as coronary artery disease (rs2891168, rs518394, rs564398, rs10757278), type 2 diabetes mellitus (rs564398), frailty (rs2811712). The remaining 17 SNPs were selected to deepen the SNPs coverage for the examined region. Genotyping was performed using iPLEX Gold technology and MassARRAY high-throughput DNA analysis with Matrix-assisted laser desorption/ionization timeof-flight (MALDI-TOF) mass spectrometry (Sequenom, Inc., San Diego, CA). Results. A total of 17 SNPs, spanning the 9p genomic interval that encompasses the MTAP, CDKN2A/B and CDKN2BAS loci, were successfully genotyped and used for investigating their potential associations with the leukemia phenotypes. Five SNPs (rs1012713, rs10965179, rs34011899, rs3731232, rs3218010) with MAF <0.05 in cases and controls, as well as one SNP (rs3931609) showing >20% missing call rates, were instead excluded from the association analysis and potential population stratification affecting the control sample was ruled out as its genotypes distribution satisfies the Hardy-Weinberg equilibrium criterion. Among the 17 SNPs, rs564398, mapping to the CDKN2BAS locus that encodes for ANRIL antisense non-coding RNA, showed a statistically significant correlation with the ALL phenotype, with a risk pattern that was compatible with an overdominant model of disease susceptibility and a OR of 2 (95% CI, 1.20 to 3.33; P=7.1¥103). Conclusions. Since a co-ordinated regulation of ANRIL and p14/ARF, p16/CDKN2A, p15/CDKN2B transcription has been already observed in both physiologic and pathologic conditions, we hypothesized that rs564398 association reflects a condition of high linkage disequilibrium between such polymorphism and a causative variant that is able to alter CDKN2A/B expression profiles by changing ANRIL dosage, thus leading to abnormal proliferative boosts and consequent increased ALL susceptibility. Supported by European LeukemiaNet, AIL, AIRC, FIRB 2006, PRIN 2008, Ateneo RFO grants, Project of integrated program (PIO), Programma di Ricerca Regione - Università 2007-2009.

A POLYMORPHISM IN THE CHROMOSOME 9P21 ANRIL LOCUS IS ASSOCIATED TO PHILADELPHIA POSITIVE ACUTE LYMPHOBLASTIC LEUKEMIA SUSCEPTIBILITY

IACOBUCCI, ILARIA;SAZZINI, MARCO;Ferrari A;LONETTI, ANNALISA;BOATTINI, ALESSIO;PAPAYANNIDIS, CRISTINA;GARAGNANI, PAOLO;ABBENANTE, MARIACHIARA;MARASCO, ELENA;OTTAVIANI, EMANUELA;PAOLINI, STEFANIA;SOVERINI, SIMONA;MARTINELLI, GIOVANNI
2010

Abstract

Introduction. Little is known about alterations of cyclin dependent kinase inhibitors p15INK4B, p16INK4A and p14ARF due to single nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) located within the CDKN2A/B genes and/or neighbouring loci. In order to investigate the potential involvement of such common DNA sequence variants in leukemia susceptibility, an association study was performed. Methods. 23 SNPs spanning the MTAP, CDKN2A/Band CDKN2BAS loci, as well as relative intergenic regions were genotyped in a case-control cohort made up of 149 leukemia patients, including Philadelphia positive (Ph+) acute lymphoblastic leukemia (ALL) and acute myeloid leukemia (AML) samples, and 183 healthy controls. 6 SNPs were selected on the basis of their previous association with several diseases, such as coronary artery disease (rs2891168, rs518394, rs564398, rs10757278), type 2 diabetes mellitus (rs564398), frailty (rs2811712). The remaining 17 SNPs were selected to deepen the SNPs coverage for the examined region. Genotyping was performed using iPLEX Gold technology and MassARRAY high-throughput DNA analysis with Matrix-assisted laser desorption/ionization timeof-flight (MALDI-TOF) mass spectrometry (Sequenom, Inc., San Diego, CA). Results. A total of 17 SNPs, spanning the 9p genomic interval that encompasses the MTAP, CDKN2A/B and CDKN2BAS loci, were successfully genotyped and used for investigating their potential associations with the leukemia phenotypes. Five SNPs (rs1012713, rs10965179, rs34011899, rs3731232, rs3218010) with MAF <0.05 in cases and controls, as well as one SNP (rs3931609) showing >20% missing call rates, were instead excluded from the association analysis and potential population stratification affecting the control sample was ruled out as its genotypes distribution satisfies the Hardy-Weinberg equilibrium criterion. Among the 17 SNPs, rs564398, mapping to the CDKN2BAS locus that encodes for ANRIL antisense non-coding RNA, showed a statistically significant correlation with the ALL phenotype, with a risk pattern that was compatible with an overdominant model of disease susceptibility and a OR of 2 (95% CI, 1.20 to 3.33; P=7.1¥103). Conclusions. Since a co-ordinated regulation of ANRIL and p14/ARF, p16/CDKN2A, p15/CDKN2B transcription has been already observed in both physiologic and pathologic conditions, we hypothesized that rs564398 association reflects a condition of high linkage disequilibrium between such polymorphism and a causative variant that is able to alter CDKN2A/B expression profiles by changing ANRIL dosage, thus leading to abnormal proliferative boosts and consequent increased ALL susceptibility. Supported by European LeukemiaNet, AIL, AIRC, FIRB 2006, PRIN 2008, Ateneo RFO grants, Project of integrated program (PIO), Programma di Ricerca Regione - Università 2007-2009.
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HAEMATOLOGICA
Iacobucci I; Sazzini M; Ferrari A; Lonetti A; Boattini A; Papayannidis C; Garagnani P; Abbenante M; Mantovani V; Marasco E; Ottaviani E; Paolini S; Guadagnuolo V; Girelli D; Vignetti M; Pane F; Soverini S; Baccarani M; Martinelli G
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: http://hdl.handle.net/11585/154768
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