The ALICE TOF array will be built using the Multigap Resistive Plate Chamber(MRPC) configured as a double stack. Each stack contains 5 gas gaps with width of 250 mu m. There has been an intense R&D effort to optimise this new detector to withstand the problems connected with the high level of radiation at the LHC. One clear outcome of the R&D is that the growth of the gas avalanche is strongly affected by space charge. The effect of the space charge is a decrease in the rate of change in gain with electric field; this allows more stable operation of this detector. We have measured the gain as a function of the electric field and also measured the ratio of the fast charge to the total charge produced in the gas gap. It is well established that RPCs built with 250 mu m gas gap have a much superior performance than 2 mm gaps; we discuss and compare the performance of 250 mu m gap MRPCs with 2 mm gap RPCs to show the importance of space-charge limitation of avalanche growth.

Space charge limited avalanche growth in multigap resistive plate chambers

ALICI, ANDREA;BASILE, MAURIZIO;CIFARELLI, LUISA;NOFERINI, FRANCESCO;SCIOLI, GILDA;ZAMPOLLI, CHIARA;ZICHICHI, ANTONINO
2004

Abstract

The ALICE TOF array will be built using the Multigap Resistive Plate Chamber(MRPC) configured as a double stack. Each stack contains 5 gas gaps with width of 250 mu m. There has been an intense R&D effort to optimise this new detector to withstand the problems connected with the high level of radiation at the LHC. One clear outcome of the R&D is that the growth of the gas avalanche is strongly affected by space charge. The effect of the space charge is a decrease in the rate of change in gain with electric field; this allows more stable operation of this detector. We have measured the gain as a function of the electric field and also measured the ratio of the fast charge to the total charge produced in the gas gap. It is well established that RPCs built with 250 mu m gas gap have a much superior performance than 2 mm gaps; we discuss and compare the performance of 250 mu m gap MRPCs with 2 mm gap RPCs to show the importance of space-charge limitation of avalanche growth.
Akindinov AN.; Alici A.; Anselmo F.; Antonioli P.; Baek Y.; Basile M.; Cara Romeo G.; Cifarelli L.; Cindolo F.; Cosenza F.; De Caro A.; De Pasquale S.; Di Bartolomeo A.; Fusco Girard M.; Guida M.; Hatzifotiadou D.; Kaidalov AB.; Kim DW.; Kim DH.; Kisselev SM.; Laurenti G.; Lee K.; Lee SC.; Lioublev E.; Luvisetto ML.; Margotti A.; Martemiyanov AN.; Nania R.; Noferini F.; Otiougova P.; Pierella F.; Polozov PA.; Scapparone E.; Scioli G.; Sellitto SB.; Smirnitski AV.; Tchoumakov MM.; Valenti G.; Vicinanza D.; Voloshin KG.; Williams MCS.; Zagreev BV.; Zampolli C.; Zichichi A.
File in questo prodotto:
Eventuali allegati, non sono esposti

I documenti in IRIS sono protetti da copyright e tutti i diritti sono riservati, salvo diversa indicazione.

Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: http://hdl.handle.net/11585/111159
 Attenzione

Attenzione! I dati visualizzati non sono stati sottoposti a validazione da parte dell'ateneo

Citazioni
  • ???jsp.display-item.citation.pmc??? ND
  • Scopus 3
  • ???jsp.display-item.citation.isi??? 3
social impact